The United Kingdom ensures that all specific obligations arising from Community agreements with third countries or international organisations concerning nuclear equipment, nuclear materials or other nuclear elements present in the United Kingdom at the end of the transition period are fulfilled, or to conclude, by other means, appropriate arrangements in agreement with the third country or an international organisation concerned. The arbitration panel, in agreement with the parties, may decide not to hold a hearing. However, the European Union Withdrawal Agreement (Withdrawal Agreement) Act amends the 2018 Law to introduce a new power for ministers through regulations specifying to what extent or under what circumstances the courts are not bound by pre-31 December 2020 jurisprudence and the review they must apply to decide on the derivation. Therefore, the circumstances in which English courts may depart from the jurisprudence of the Court of Justice should be broader. However, we note that this provision is currently being debated in Parliament and it remains to be seen whether it will be incorporated into the legislation by both chambers. Lawyers with the authority to practise in the Courts of the United Kingdom are entitled to represent or assist the parties in such proceedings before the European Court of Justice; in these cases, these lawyers are treated in all respects as lawyers entitled to practise before the courts of Member States representing or supporting a party before the Court of Justice of the European Union. In particular, this protocol does not prevent the United Kingdom from entering into agreements with a third country granting preferential access to that country`s market on the same terms as those produced in other parts of the United Kingdom. 2. Following the notification by the United Kingdom and the Union of the effective date of the agreements covered in paragraph 1, the joint committee established by Article 164 („mixed committee“) sets the date from which the provisions of this title apply to nationals of Iceland, the Principality of Liechtenstein and the Kingdom of Norway. , and the Swiss Confederation. 1. Without prejudice under Article 88, a lawyer authorized before the end of the transitional period to practise in the United Kingdom courts before the courts of the United Kingdom may represent or assist a party in proceedings before the European Court of Justice or with respect to applications for a preliminary decision made before the expiry of the transition period. This right applies at all stages of the proceedings, including the appeal procedure before the Court of Justice and the proceedings before the Tribunal, after referral of proceedings before the Tribunal.
The second aspect concerns Articles 136 and 138 of the VA, which relate to aspects of financial equalization agreed with the EU. The UK will continue to make payments to the EU under the VA after 31 December 2020. The infringement procedure under Article 258 of the EUTF and the provisional references to Article 267 of the EUSF continue to apply in the United Kingdom. This will allow British courts to ask questions of financial regulation to the Court of Justice (as indicated in sections 136 and 138 of the VA). It will also enable the European Commission to enforce financial equalization before the Court of Justice. 3. When representing or assisting a party before the European Court of Justice in cases referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, lawyers entitled to practise in the courts of the United Kingdom are treated in all respects as lawyers entitled to practise before the European Court of Justice before the courts of the Member States or to assist a party.