Each WTO Member must have a list of specific obligations defining the services for which it guarantees market access and international treatment, as well as any restrictions that may be attached thereto. The Annex can also be used to make additional commitments, for example. B, with regard to the implementation of certain standards or regulatory principles. Commitments are made for each of the four types of service delivery. While services currently account for more than two-thirds of global output and employment, they account for no more than 25% of total trade as measured on a balance of payments basis. However, this share – apparently modest – should not be underestimated. In fact, balance of payments statistics do not cover any of the types of service provision defined in the GATS, i.e. supply by commercial presence in another country (mode 3). In addition, services, although increasingly traded themselves, are also crucial inputs for the production of goods and, as a result, services account for about 50% of global trade in terms of value creation. The summit almost led to a third organization. It would become the very ambitious International Trade Organization (ITU). The 50 countries that started negotiations wanted it to be an agency within the United Nations that creates rules, not only for trade, but also for employment, commodity agreements, trade practices, foreign direct investment and services.
The ITU Charter was adopted in March 1948, but the U.S. Congress and legislators in some other countries refused to ratify it. In 1950, the Truman administration declared defeat and ended the ITO. The objective of GATT was to eliminate harmful trade protectionism. Trade protectionism likely contributed to the 66% reduction in world trade during the Great Depression. Gatt helped restore the world`s economic health after the devastation of the Depression and World War II. Transparency: Among other things, GATS members are required to publish all measures of general application and to set up national enquiry points to respond to requests for information from other members. The third provision was added in 1965 and was addressed to developing countries that have acceded to the GATT. Developed countries have agreed to abolish tariffs on imports from developing countries in order to stimulate these economies. Lower tariffs have also had benefits for developed countries. As gatt increased the number of middle-class consumers around the world, the demand for trade with developed countries increased. The provision of many services often involves the simultaneous physical presence of the producer and the consumer.
There are therefore many cases where, in order to be economically viable, commercial obligations must extend to the cross-border movements of the consumer, the establishment of a commercial presence on a market or the temporary movement of the service provider. However, this part of the result was banned by Congress, and the US selling price was not abolished until Congress passed the results of the Tokyo Round. Performance in agriculture as a whole has been poor. The most notable achievement was the agreement on a memorandum of understanding on the basic elements for the negotiation of a global subsidy arrangement, which was eventually incorporated into a new international agreement on cereals. The fifth round was held again in Geneva and lasted from 1960 to 1962. The talks were named after U.S. Treasury Secretary and former Under Secretary of State Douglas Dillon, who was the first to propose the talks. .