In the best case scenario, U.S. policy could be explained in response to the fact that China is currently showing no signs of interest in the construction of this bridge. But this characterization would be more generous than necessary for the Obama administration, which appears to have structured its participation in the TPP in a way that discourages China`s adherence to the negotiations. Since 2011, when the United States participated in the negotiations, the agreement appears to be structured as a „Hubs and Spokes“ agreement of small economies with the United States, in contrast to a plurilateral structure – such as the European Communities – in which all parties have uniform rights and obligations.  Indeed, WTO members have already taken several steps in these two ways. Negotiations for a trade facilitation agreement by the end of 2013 are aimed at a multilateral interest that appeared to be widely shared by members in 2008, when the rest of the Doha agenda collapsed. 21 members are also reviewing negotiations on services to extend the Uruguay Round`s rolling tables to a multilateral „critical mass“. If these efforts are successful – far from certain – they will open or improve the activity of valuable markets and provide some evidence of members` continued commitment to the system. But they lack the solution of differences in interest. China participates in trade facilitation negotiations, but does not participate in the proposed multi-lateral services. The United States is involved in both. If the Heads of State and Government conclude instead that there is no realistic possibility of reaching a modest agreement in this direction (after all, an earlier attempt to follow this approach failed in 2011), they should declare Doha dead and urge the WTO to find a new path for trade negotiations. Such a decision would obviously be very controversial.
But in the absence of such a resolution, the continued failure of the Doha completion will only serve to undermine the credibility of the WTO and the G20 itself. If the heads of state and government conclude that Doha is truly no longer spared, they should now lift it out of its misery. This approach would also have the advantage of giving heads of state and government a clear choice: save or kill Doha. b) This approach would not have as much impact on the integration of WTO members as integration into some bilateral or regional agreements. However, it would provide discipline against increasing protection rates and preferential margins and allow for greater gradual liberalization over time, which would reduce both protection rates and preferential margins.