Trade agreements designated by the WTO as preferential are also called regional agreements (TACs), although they are not necessarily concluded by countries in a given region. As of July 2007, 205 agreements were currently in force. More than 300 have been notified to the WTO.  The number of free trade agreements has increased considerably over the past decade. Between 1948 and 1994, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the WTO`s predecessor, received 124 notifications. Since 1995, more than 300 trade agreements have been concluded.  The second is classified as bilateral (BTA) when signed between two parties, each party being a country (or other customs territory), a trading bloc or an informal group of countries (or other customs territories). Both countries are easing their trade restrictions to help businesses thrive better between different countries. It certainly helps to reduce taxes and talk about their business status. Typically, this revolves around subsidized domestic industries. Industries are mainly in the automotive, oil or food industries.  International trade is historically the oldest and most widespread form of external economic relations. It is a movement of goods that represents a currency, that is, goods cross the borders of individual countries or economic units.
Foreign trade connects the country`s domestic economy to the world economy and performs important functions in the process of development of the productive forces and the international division of labor. (Markusen, 1995) The basis of foreign trade is the recognition that certain concerns have been expressed by the WTO. According to Pascal Lamy, Director-General of the WTO, the dissemination of regional trade agreements (ART) is „. is the breeding of anxiety – concern about inconsistency, confusion, exponential increase in costs for businesses, unpredictability and even injustice in trade relations. „ The WTO is of the view that while typical trade agreements (designated by the WTO as preferential or regional) are useful to some extent, it is much more advantageous to focus on global agreements within the WTO framework, such as the negotiations in the current Doha Round. In addition, free trade has become an integral part of the financial system and the investment world. U.S. investors now have access to most foreign financial markets and a wider range of securities, currencies and other financial products. The policy of free trade is not so popular among the masses without advertising. The main problems include unfair competition from countries where lower labour costs allow for price reductions and the loss of well-paying jobs with manufacturers abroad. A trade agreement (also known as a trade pact) is a far-reaching fiscal, tariff and trade agreement that often includes investment guarantees.
It is when two or more countries agree on conditions that help them trade with each other. The most common trade agreements are preferential and free trade types that are concluded to reduce (or eliminate) tariffs, quotas and other trade restrictions on goods traded between signatories. .